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PASOLA FESTIVAL, SUMBA

Pasola is a thanks giving ceremony to the ancestral spirit of people from West Sumba East Nusa Tenggara.

More than 50 men riding horses which divided into two groups – from upper and lower villages. Before they start, the Rato ( Traditional priest leader ) Prays in between of two groups, then he throw a spear to start the game. Immediately followed by those horse riders race their horse and throw their spears toward the opponent over and over. This is a blood sacrifice…..!

This ceremony happen only once in a year ( FEBRUARY and MARCH ) and date could not be predicted in advance, it is always not in the same date every year. It depends on RATO’S decision which is announced one or two weeks before.

Schedule Pasola Festival Kodi, Sumba :

1. Honba Kalayo : 18 February 2014
2. Bondokawango : 21 February 2014
3. Rarawinyo : 22 February 2014
4. Ratenggaro : 22 March 2014
5. Waiha : 24 March 2014
6. Wainyapu : 25 March 2014

pasola sumbaPasola is the name of ancient war ritual war festival by two groups of selected Sumbanese men. They riding their colorful decorated selected horses fling wooden spears at each other. This traditional ceremony held in the way of uniquely and sympathetically traditional norms, every year.

The festival occurs during February or March in Lamboya and Kodi. The main activity starts several days after the full moon and coincides with the yearly arrival to the shore of strange, and multihued sea worms – Nyale. The precise date of the event decided by Rato which is announced one or two weeks before the festival.

Pasola is derived from the word Sola or Hola meaning a kind of a long wooden stick used as a spear to fling each other by two opponent groups of horsemen. The horses use for this ritual are usually ridden by braves and skilled selected men wearing traditional customs.

The people of Sumba believe that the ritual has a very close link to the habit of the people since it arranges the behavior and the habit of the people so that the balanced condition between the physical – material needs and the mental – spiritual needs can be easily created; or in other words the ritual is believed to be able to crystallize the habit and the opinion of the people so that they can live happily both in earth and in heaven. In addition to it, Pasola is also believed to have close relation to the activity in agriculture field, therefore any bloodshed (of sacrificial cattle or men participating in the game) is considered the symbol of prosperity that must exist.

Without blood Pasola mean nothing to them. Those who died in the Pasola arena are believed to have broken law of tradition the fasting month. Pasola that always takes risks, however, is acceptable by the people in a very hospitable way and sportive.

DAY TO DAY ITINERARY

DAY 01 : DENPASAR (BALI) -TAMBOLAKA
Arrival Tambolaka transfer directly to Waikabubak. Visit beautiful traditional villages, such as Tarung and Puunaga, surround the town. In those villages one can have a closer look into the unique high roofed houses, the stone tombs and even you still can see Andung - the branched wood pole used to hang the skull of the village enemies after the inter clan war. Transfer to hotel.

pasola sumbaDAY 02 : FULL DAY PASOLA at KODI
For the time and please to be advise until we get the precise date of the event decided by Rato during the wula podu (the month of pasola the fasting month).We can also exploring many traditional villages in West Sumba if time permit. It is worth to visit the villages in Kodi area where the tallest - almost as high as the tall coconut trees - traditional Sumba houses, the home of the Marapu believers. Lunch box will be provided. Transfer to hotel.

DAY 03 : FULL DAY PASOLA OR VISIT WANOKAKA & LAMBOYA.
Another visit for Pasola War Festival or explore other traditional village at Wanokaka & Lamboya. There are many traditional villages in Sumba. It is worth to visit the villages in Kodi area where the tallest - almost as high as the tall coconut trees - traditional Sumba houses, the home of the Marapu believers. There are virgin white sand beaches. Take you chance to enjoy the nature beauty. Lunch box will be provided. Transfer to hotel.

DAY 04 : TAMBOLAKA - DENPASAR (BALI)
After breakfast at the appropriate time transfer to airport to catch your flight back to Bali.

GENERAL INFORMATION OF SUMBA ISLAND
Sumba island has a great and unique position respect to the Sunda Banda archipelagoes, it is one of the biggest island on the East Nusa Tenggara region beside Flores and Timor. It represents an isolated sliver of probable continental crust to the south of active volcanic islands (Sumbawa, Flores ) within the forearc basin (Fig.1). It is situated to the north of passage from the Java Trench (subduction front) to the Timor Through (collision front). It does not show still the effects of strong compression in contrast to islands of the outer arc system (Savu, Roti, Timor), while the magmatic units make up a substantial part of the Late Cretaceous to Paleogene stratigraphy.

Sumba island covers an area of 11,150 square km which is now populated by about 350,000 people. Generally the climate similar to other part of Indonesia where a dry season (May to November), and a rainy season (December to April). The island of Sumba is well known of its sandlewood, horses, impressive megalithic tombs, typical hand woven textile ("ikat"), and still untouched beautiful beaches. There are two entering point in to Sumba island from anywhere in the Lesser Waingapu & Waikabubak (Tambolaka). These are the people could enter Sumba for either by flight or boat.

Sumba has a unique culture and their social life. Sumbanese are traditionally divided into three level of social life : (Raja/King) - Maramba, Customary Official - Kabihu, and Slaves - Ata. Sumbanese are living from farming, cattle breeding, rice-field farming and trading. Ones owns cattle will contribute to their social status such as if they had more cattle giving them a higher social status.

Most Sumbanese are Christian (Catholic and Protestant), however, and part of them are still strongly keep their native and original religion called Marapu. Most cultural objects are related to the Marapu religion such as the shape of traditional houses, ceremonies, or kings' graves and tombs.

The island of Sumba is well known of its sandlewood, horses, impressive megalithic tombs, typical hand woven textile ("ikat"), and still untouched beautiful beaches. There are two entering point in to Sumba island from anywhere in the Lesser Waingapu & Waikabubak (Tambolaka). These are the people could enter Sumba for either by flight or boat.

POINTS OF INTEREST:

Waikabubak
A neat little town in West part of Sumba island, full of old graves carved in motifs of buffalo horns, man heads, horses, nude men or women symbolizing social status or wealth of the people. West Sumba is the regency whose capital is Waikabubak. It can be reached by plane from Kupang via Waingapu and Denpasar via Bima. In Waikabubak, you can see find the megalithic tombs of Kadung Tana, Watu Karagata, and Bulu Peka Mila. Tarung Village is an important ceremonial center, located on hill top west of Waikabubak.

sumba pasolaAnakalang
The village of Anakalang known with the largest megalithic tombs in Sumba. The tombs are always with the unusual carvings. Anakalang is the site of the Purung Takadonga Ratu, an important mass marriage festival held every two years, on a date determined by the full moon.

Waingapu
Waingapu is the capital city of east Sumba regency, it is known with the traditional Ikat weaving and some megalithic tombs are also found on this area.

Rende
Rende village is the sights several traditional style buffalo horn adorned Sumba houses and a number of massive carved stone graves.

Kaliuda
One of the Ikat weaving center of the area. Here one can see the high quality traditional Sumba Ikat in process.

Ikat Weaving
Ikat textile in Sumba are worked an exchanged at important ceremonies to show one's social status. At the funerals, the most exquisite textiles would be placed in the grave for use in the after world.

 

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> 8 DAYS KOMODO & FLORES ADVENTURE TOUR
> 4 DAYS FLORES ISLAND TOUR
> 5 DAYS FLORES CULTURAL TOUR
> 5 DAYS SUMBA CULTURAL TOUR
> 6 DAYS SUMBA CULTURAL TOUR
> PASOLA WAR FESTIVAL
> ABOUT ADVENTURE INDONESIA

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