PASOLA FESTIVAL, SUMBA
Pasola is a thanks giving ceremony to the ancestral spirit of people from West Sumba East Nusa Tenggara.
More than 50 men riding horses which divided into two groups – from upper and lower villages. Before they start, the Rato ( Traditional priest leader ) Prays in between of two groups, then he throw a spear to start the game. Immediately followed by those horse riders race their horse and throw their spears toward the opponent over and over. This is a blood sacrifice…..!
This ceremony happen only once in a year ( FEBRUARY and MARCH ) and date could not be predicted in advance, it is always not in the same date every year. It depends on RATO’S decision which is announced one or two weeks before.
Schedule Pasola Festival Kodi, Sumba :
1. Honba Kalayo : 18 February 2014
2. Bondokawango : 21 February 2014
3. Rarawinyo : 22 February 2014
4. Ratenggaro : 22 March 2014
5. Waiha : 24 March 2014
6. Wainyapu : 25 March 2014
is the name of ancient war ritual war festival by two groups of selected Sumbanese
men. They riding their colorful decorated selected horses fling wooden spears
at each other. This traditional ceremony held in the way of uniquely and sympathetically
traditional norms, every year.
festival occurs during February or March in Lamboya and Kodi. The main activity starts
several days after the full moon and coincides with the yearly arrival to the
shore of strange, and multihued sea worms Nyale. The precise date of the
event decided by Rato which is announced one or two weeks before the festival.
is derived from the word Sola or Hola meaning a kind of a long wooden stick used
as a spear to fling each other by two opponent groups of horsemen. The horses
use for this ritual are usually ridden by braves and skilled selected men wearing
people of Sumba believe that the ritual has a very close link to the habit of
the people since it arranges the behavior and the habit of the people so that
the balanced condition between the physical material needs and the mental
spiritual needs can be easily created; or in other words the ritual is
believed to be able to crystallize the habit and the opinion of the people so
that they can live happily both in earth and in heaven. In addition to it, Pasola
is also believed to have close relation to the activity in agriculture field,
therefore any bloodshed (of sacrificial cattle or men participating in the game)
is considered the symbol of prosperity that must exist.
Without blood Pasola mean nothing to them. Those who died in the Pasola arena
are believed to have broken law of tradition the fasting month. Pasola that always
takes risks, however, is acceptable by the people in a very hospitable way and
TO DAY ITINERARY
01 : DENPASAR (BALI) -TAMBOLAKA
Tambolaka transfer directly to Waikabubak. Visit beautiful traditional villages,
such as Tarung and Puunaga, surround the town. In those villages one can have
a closer look into the unique high roofed houses, the stone tombs and even you
still can see Andung - the branched wood pole used to hang the skull of the village
enemies after the inter clan war. Transfer to hotel.
DAY 02 : FULL DAY PASOLA
For the time and please to be advise until we get the precise date
of the event decided by Rato during the wula podu (the month of pasola the fasting
month).We can also exploring many traditional villages in West Sumba if time permit.
It is worth to visit the villages in Kodi area where the tallest - almost as high
as the tall coconut trees - traditional Sumba houses, the home of the Marapu believers.
Lunch box will be provided. Transfer to hotel.
03 : FULL DAY PASOLA OR VISIT WANOKAKA & LAMBOYA.
visit for Pasola War Festival or explore other traditional village at Wanokaka
& Lamboya. There are many traditional villages in Sumba. It is worth to visit
the villages in Kodi area where the tallest - almost as high as the tall coconut
trees - traditional Sumba houses, the home of the Marapu believers. There are
virgin white sand beaches. Take you chance to enjoy the nature beauty. Lunch box
will be provided. Transfer to hotel.
DAY 04 : TAMBOLAKA
- DENPASAR (BALI)
After breakfast at the appropriate time transfer to airport
to catch your flight back to Bali.
INFORMATION OF SUMBA ISLAND
island has a great and unique position respect to the Sunda Banda archipelagoes,
it is one of the biggest island on the East Nusa Tenggara region beside Flores
and Timor. It represents an isolated sliver of probable continental crust to the
south of active volcanic islands (Sumbawa, Flores ) within the forearc basin (Fig.1).
It is situated to the north of passage from the Java Trench (subduction front)
to the Timor Through (collision front). It does not show still the effects of
strong compression in contrast to islands of the outer arc system (Savu, Roti,
Timor), while the magmatic units make up a substantial part of the Late Cretaceous
to Paleogene stratigraphy.
island covers an area of 11,150 square km which is now populated by about 350,000
people. Generally the climate similar to other part of Indonesia where a dry season
(May to November), and a rainy season (December to April). The island of Sumba
is well known of its sandlewood, horses, impressive megalithic tombs, typical
hand woven textile ("ikat"), and still untouched beautiful beaches.
There are two entering point in to Sumba island from anywhere in the Lesser Waingapu
& Waikabubak (Tambolaka). These are the people could enter Sumba for either
by flight or boat.
has a unique culture and their social life. Sumbanese are traditionally divided
into three level of social life : (Raja/King) - Maramba, Customary Official -
Kabihu, and Slaves - Ata. Sumbanese are living from farming, cattle breeding,
rice-field farming and trading. Ones owns cattle will contribute to their social
status such as if they had more cattle giving them a higher social status.
Sumbanese are Christian (Catholic and Protestant), however, and part of them are
still strongly keep their native and original religion called Marapu. Most cultural
objects are related to the Marapu religion such as the shape of traditional houses,
ceremonies, or kings' graves and tombs.
island of Sumba is well known of its sandlewood, horses, impressive megalithic
tombs, typical hand woven textile ("ikat"), and still untouched beautiful
beaches. There are two entering point in to Sumba island from anywhere in the
Lesser Waingapu & Waikabubak (Tambolaka). These are the people could enter
Sumba for either by flight or boat.
neat little town in West part of Sumba island, full of old graves carved in motifs
of buffalo horns, man heads, horses, nude men or women symbolizing social status
or wealth of the people. West Sumba is the regency whose capital is Waikabubak.
It can be reached by plane from Kupang via Waingapu and Denpasar via Bima. In
Waikabubak, you can see find the megalithic tombs of Kadung Tana, Watu Karagata,
and Bulu Peka Mila. Tarung Village is an important ceremonial center, located
on hill top west of Waikabubak.
village of Anakalang known with the largest megalithic tombs in Sumba. The tombs
are always with the unusual carvings. Anakalang is the site of the Purung Takadonga
Ratu, an important mass marriage festival held every two years, on a date determined
by the full moon.
is the capital city of east Sumba regency, it is known with the traditional Ikat
weaving and some megalithic tombs are also found on this area.
village is the sights several traditional style buffalo horn adorned Sumba houses
and a number of massive carved stone graves.
of the Ikat weaving center of the area. Here one can see the high quality traditional
Sumba Ikat in process.
Ikat textile in Sumba are worked an exchanged at important ceremonies
to show one's social status. At the funerals, the most exquisite textiles would
be placed in the grave for use in the after world.
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